The Four Basic types of Lighting Effects

Body: 
  • Ambient Lighting
  • Task Lighting
  • Accent Lighting
  • Wall Lighting

Ambient Lighting

Ambient (or general) lighting provides overall
illumination for atmosphere, safety, security and
basic activities.

Ambient areas in a house are:

Lounge
Dining Rooms
Bedrooms
Passages

In these areas one would make use of down
lights (halogen or LED’S) ceiling lights, or
chandeliers, or a mixture of all of the above.

Task Lighting

Task lighting provides the light needed for
specific visual activities, such as reading,
hobbies, workshops, studies, grooming and food
preparation

Task areas in a house are:

Study or Office

  • Kitchen
  • Scullery
  • Bathrooms
  • Dressing Rooms

In these areas one would make use of
Fluorescent fittings as a fluorescent is a task
light, an alternative to this are the new LED
Downlights (Splash 2204)

Accent Lighting

Accent lighting is local and directional light
used to highlight and dramatise architectural
features, paintings, sculpture, plans and special
possessions and collections. Accent lightings
should be used in conjunction with Ambient
Lighting.

Accent areas in a house are:

  • Lounges – down lighting in TV Cabinets,
    wall units, rope lighting in bulk heads
  • Kitchen – down lighting in cupboards,
    under counter lighting, chandelier over a
    centre island
  • Wall Lighting

    Wall lighting makes a room seem larger or
    more comfortable, it can dramatise, emphasise
    texture, or illuminate a group of paintings.

    Wall lighting in a house can be used in:

    • Bedrooms
    • Lounges
    • Dining Room
    • Passages
    • Bathrooms

    Wall lighting is more of accent lighting, used to
    either light up a painting, bathroom mirror etc.

    When making use of wall lights in a home please
    note:

    These are not task lights – the maximum bulb is
    60W, this is not going to light up a lounge.

    • Wall lights are very restrictive, you can only
      move your furniture around according to
      where the wall lights have been positioned
      example - bedroom bedside lights.
    • Wall lights in passages or staircases can
      also be restrictive especially when moving
      furniture up and down.

    Lighting is essential to our lives. In today’s
    homes, it serves many functions. Lighting needs
    vary with each individual. People light their
    homes to suit personal lifestyles and tastes,
    basing their lighting purchases on how they
    use rooms in their homes and on what lighting
    effects they prefer.

    There are four general needs:

    • 1.) Lighting for visual activities
    • 2.) Lighting to enhance room décor
    • 3.) Lighting to create mood and atmosphere
    • 4.) Lighting for safety and security

    1.) Lighting for visual activities

    Reading, work and study in the home, food
    preparation, sewing, hobbies, grooming – these are some of the
    visually demanding activities that require light in the home.

    This would relate to Task Lighting

    1.) Lighting for Décor

    Lighting effects and fixtures play a key-
    decorating role. Shapes, colours, and
    textures of home furnishings come
    alive when objects and surfaces are
    thoughtfully illuminated. An attractive
    light fixture alone can become a
    decorative element in a room. Effective
    lighting adds charm and drama to even
    a simply furnished home. Conversely,
    a room filled with beautiful furnishings,
    art and interesting architectural features
    will not fulfil its visual potential if poorly
    illuminated.

    2.) Lighting to Create a Mood and
    Atmosphere

    When planned well, lighting creates
    a restful, comforting atmosphere – a
    personal preserve after a busy day at
    work. Lit differently, the same room
    takes on a sparkling, exciting feeling
    for entertaining. Small spaces can be
    lit to appear and feel more spacious,
    while a larger room can seem cosy and
    intimate with the right lighting choices
    and arrangement.

    3.) Lighting for Safety and Security

    Good lighting indoors and out helps to
    prevent accidents and enhances personal
    security. Think of stairwells, hallways,
    basements and foyers. In addition,
    adequate lighting is critical for safety, for
    example in the workshop with dangerous
    tools or in the bath for shaving and simple
    first aid. Key outdoor areas include
    stairs, walkways, garages and driveways.
    Landscape and exterior lighting also add
    security while enhancing the beauty of the
    property.

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